Materials handling technologies entails the transport, storage, retrieval and dispatch of objects within a warehouse or any other distribution centre operation. If you’re seeking to establish a productive and systematic distribution system for integrated racking, the key requirement is to opt for the adequate materials handling technologies. A number of manufacturers on the market offer an array of related gear and accessories that covers all the potential scenarios. Here’s an overview of the six modern solutions adhering to a variety of business needs.
Conveyors are utilised for distribution centres for swift moving of items from one place to another, from the small boxes to full stacked pallets alike. There are various types of conveyors available, and the equipment can be particularly adjusted for different applications. The aspects of conveyed subjects such as shape, size, weight, condition and capacity are taken into consideration when the system is being designed.
Other important elements related involve accumulation option and a form of buffering that evens the peaks and troughs and spreads the load. On top of it, other devices can be incorporated, such as sticker applicators and printers, as well as carton sealers and weigh scales. It’s advisable to choose the companies that manufacture and/or source the specialised equipment from reputed makers to get all in one place.
The systems for sortation are mostly utilised for direct outboard orders pertaining to varied staging sections for dispatch. The sorting procedure is one element of the whole distribution method that can easily tackle the diversity and capacity of the load. It effectively delivers high input-output ratio in a more rapid and accurate manner. For instance, the cross-docking operations of high volume demand an automated sorting system as a key component that maintains throughput.
The sortation system design takes shape, size, condition, capacity and weight of the conveyed matter into the equation to deliver a successful transport to the dispatch lanes. The feature that stands out concerning this system is that it provides a full track and trace records of each carton movement throughout the procedure. The equipment types at hand can cover a whole range of scenarios adhering to the all shapes and sizes of the transported goods.
The machinery of the stacker cranes is suitable for increased density storing of items in the confined, limited spaces. It employs the goods-to-man principle that present the cranes as a more efficient alternative to forklifts when one’s dealing with the management of high traffic of retrieving and storing movements.
The distinctive feature of cranes is that they use the vertical space masterfully and more efficiently that the forklifts with a 35m reach. Moreover, stacker cranes provide an extra benefit in terms of working safety by separating the pedestrian tracks from the equipment lanes.
It’s possible to get a unique design of an ASRS (automated storage and retrieval system) for mini load and pallet load applications. Similar to previously mentioned technologies, the type and configuration of stacking cranes is adhering to throughput, weight and volume load criteria.
This kind of materials handling technology is functioning via rails among the tightly packed racks for the purpose of storing and retrieving pallets. The procedure is carried out by moving brim-full pallet loads in and out of the storage construction.
The satellite carts are manually positioned in the intended rack place using a forklift. The cart is then operating via remote or RF controls. These smart carts are conveniently fetching and putting away the designated pallets within their own operating circle without obstructing the forklift drivers. They are thus free to concentrate on delivering and removing the pallet loads from the racking face.
Naturally, the system is fitted with sensors that can determine the necessary actions. The satellites are perfect for low SKU applications characterised by high traffic of pallets. They can be set up for last-in/first-out (LIFO) and first-in-first-out (FIFO) operations. The use of highly-adjustable, sturdy pallet racking maximises on efficiency in multi-deep pallet management in high density spaces.
The use of robotics is an alternative to manual operations that speeds up the repetitive workload and increases productivity values for distributions systems marked for high volume. These are some of the numerous advantages this system includes:
- Automated tasks eliminate the hazardous, fatiguing and repetitive element of racking (the OH&S area)
- Product damage is minimised
- They work equally for palletising and depalletising processes
The primary usage of carousels is connected with situations where the floor stretch is limited since they offer the vertical exploitation of space. As most of the former solutions, carousels are ideal for high-density mode of storage and retrieval of small inventory pieces with low pick rates. Additionally, carousels are excelling at storage security and climate control.
Generally speaking, carousel configuration is comprised of several trays located within a tower. Every tray is divided into bins that contain products. The trays are programmed to swiftly reach the operator for picking and replenishment actions. Pickers are commonly found on a ground level, but a secondary mezzanine can be added for massive racking volumes.
A major part of the success in goods handling industry is picking the right racking technology. This overview can help you get closer to your specific business goal.